The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system located below the bladder and surrounding the urethra. Prostatitis is the inflammation or infection of the prostate and is diagnosed as one of three types: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, or chronic non-bacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Bacteria cause both acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, though despite their names they are not contagious. The bacteria that cause prostatitis may get into the prostate by the backward flow of infected urine into the prostate ducts. The cause of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is unknown but is thought to be a variant of Interstitial cystitis (a chronic inflammatory disease of the bladder).
The patient may experience no symptoms at all, or symptoms that are sudden and severe. When present, symptoms may include:
The symptoms of prostatitis often mimic those of other urinary tract or prostate disorders. You may first notice these symptoms yourself, or your physician may detect a problem during a routine checkup. Among the most common tests:
Treatment of prostatitis depends on the type with which you are diagnosed:
Acute bacterial prostatitis:
Chronic bacterial prostatitis:
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: