The prostate is a small gland that goes through two main periods of growth: in puberty and around age 25. This second phase often results, years later, in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The tissue surrounding the prostate eventually restricts its expansion, causing the gland to press against the urethra and impede urination. More than half of men in their 60s and as many as 90% in their 70s have symptoms of BPH.
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As you age, your prostate can enlarge, often beginning around the age of 40-50. Enlargement of the prostate is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. BPH is a benign (non-cancerous) condition that is very common in males. However, this enlargement tends to block the urethra and urine flow out of the body.
Symptoms of BPH can include:
Determine your BPH symptoms by filling out this simple form. If your total score indicates Moderate or Severe symptoms, contact your urologist. IPSS Score Form
Diagnosing BPH early is important because, if left untreated, it can lead to urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder or kidney damage, kidney stones and incontinence. Distinguishing BPH from more serious diseases like prostate cancer is important.
To diagnose BPH we generally use a combination of the following:
Together, these tests can help your urologist determine the cause of your issues and help create a customized treatment plan.